A Courtroom Group Essay

Published: 2021-07-07 00:13:28
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Category: Laws and International Laws

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Courtroom work is comprised of several groups. These groups are interdependent and perform various functions and interact in a variety of settings. Judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys have their work description and the assignments to perform. For instance, the prosecutors present the state in the criminal cases; similarly others have their duties. Various other group actors include clerks, i.e., law clerks or court clerks, police officers, witnesses and news media. A courtroom group can be defined by seven characteristics they exhibit while performing the tasks that they are expected to do. These include as displaying influence relationships, exhibit authority, have common goals, multiple working techniques, different degrees of stability and variety of tasks. Judges, defense attorneys, and the prosecutors are the core members of these courtroom groups as their frequency of participation in the process of a courtroom is vast. The professional background of these people is more or less same and the perspective to sort out the court operations is also common. The other courtroom groups also have participation, but their frequency is less as compared to the core group.The work group members are influenced by or influence one another because they have different areas of knowledge and the bases of power among these group members also varies. However the basic goals which the courtroom work groups have to observe are four these include; seeking justice, maintaining group cohesion, sorting out the caseload and finally the reduction of uncertainty. These groups can use certain techniques of interaction to get the maximum benefit in a situation. These techniques include negotiations, adversarial proceedings, and decision which are made unilaterally. They must also follow a robust code of ethics and must adhere to the laws in true letter and spirit.Moreover, the prosecutor plays a vital role in these courtroom workgroups as he presents the rights of citizens and works to maintain the public good. He is required to perform three tasks one of these tasks needs him to decide whether or not to start legal proceedings. He decides about this matter after the completion of the preliminary investigations. For this, a prosecutor is required to contact all the parties related to a crime, i.e., suspect of the crime, witnesses, and the victim. He is also required to have an active liaison with the police.Furthermore, if the criteria for taking a case would have been more stringent, then there is a high probability that most of the cases would have been dismissed because they lack concrete evidence. As the historical trend shows many of the cases are brought for trial with very minimal circumstantial evidence, but the eyewitness testimony is present. On the other hand, if the criteria were less stringent there would have been a flood of cases pouring inside the courts. This would tend to cause lack of proper attention to those cases that require it the most.As the characteristics of all the crimes are different for different offenses and offenders thus, there is no single correct sentence for a particular crime. The judge decides a sentence according to the gravity of the concern. Further, the principle of proportionality is also kept in consideration. The court may follow a two-step method while deciding on any sentence. The first step is the objective seriousness regarding an offense that means the seriousness of the case and the second step is the personal circumstances that may lead to such a crime. One important point to consider in this regard is that while determining the sentence there are aggravating factors and mitigating factors where the former refer to those factors that cause to increase a sentence and the later means those factors that cause to reduce it.One of the essential concepts of society is known as punishment. It is induced to rectify the behavior of those who are deviant for the normal standards set by the society. These include retribution where the offender suffers similarly to the extent of the victim and as up to as much suffering as caused by him. Secondly, deterrence is another form of punishment that is inflicted to discourage the criminal deviance.The backlog of cases in the legal system creates various hindrances in the efficient and smooth functioning of the court. There may be various reasons and procedures that a cause to increase the backlog of cases such as the complexities in the legal system, the processes are time-consuming and also some issues that may arise in the pretrial phase. Whatever the reason may be, these backlogs result in consequences. The most negative consequence is the delay in justice that is caused due to this issue.However, effective case management systems, the establishment of specialized tribunals, improving the administration of the court and finally by increasing the number of judges can help reduce these backlogs and cause to curb the negative consequences due to these backlogs. These measures are interlinked to each other and must be considered collectively to regulate the whole system.ReferencesChapter 3. (2018). Global.oup.com. Retrieved 13 April 2018, from http://global.oup.com/us/companion.websites/9780199738854/student/chapter3/The role of the prosecutor. (2018). Aklagare.se. Retrieved 13 April 2018, from https://www.aklagare.se/en/the-legal-process/the-role-of-the-prosecutor/How your sentence is decided | Sentencing | Armstrong Legal. (2018). Armstronglegal.com.au. Retrieved 13 April 2018, from https://www.armstronglegal.com.au/criminal-law/sentencing/how-sentence-is-decided

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