Autism in Children

Published: 2021-07-06 06:43:05
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Autism is a neuro-developmental condition that affects children causing difficulties in speaking. The complaint is described by social deficiency, cognitive shortage, problems in relating to others and recurring manners. It emerges in childhood and causes delays in various essential areas of growth such as learning to communicate, exercising and associating with others.Causes of Autism Spectrum DisorderThe exact cause of the condition has not been established. However, research findings suggest that the state results from the combination of genetic and environmental effects. Any change in inheritable factors increases the risks of children to develop the disorder. If a parent carrying the gene experiences the gene alteration, the trait may be passed to the child. Additionally, a study finding reveals that autism results from malformations in the child’s brain structure (Lyons-Weiler).Signs and symptoms  Signs and symptoms of autism vary widely from severe to critical. Some children have mild impairments while others have difficulties with significant obstacles to overcome. When a child uses facial expressions that do not match whatever he/she is saying indicates the signs of the condition. Additionally, continuous avoidance of direct eye contact and failing to pick up the facial expression that is used by other people is among the signs of autism.Social problemsTypically, developing babies are social logically. They will always stare at people, turn towards sounds, gripping things with fingers and smiles when excited by two to three months of age. Most children with the disorder have problems when taking part in daily human relations. Many infants between eight to ten months of age with autism show failure to respond when called by their names. Also, some have reduced interest in peoples and delayed babbling.Autism children rarely partake in social games, problems in emulating the activities of others and prefer playing alone. Though study findings imply that children with autism are committed to their guardians, expression of the connections is unusual. Similarly, children with the disorder have difficulties in understanding opinions and moods of others. They show the slight response to common treatments such as smile and wave (Hansen and Rogers). The world may seem confusing to them since they cannot comprehend signs and facial countenances.Many children with autism have problems in perceiving things from other peoples’ evaluation. A five-year kid knows that other persons have different opinions, moods and objective than they have. However, victims of autism spectrum may lack such understanding. Such children may, in turn, have difficulties in apprehending others’ activities.Communication problemsMost naturally growing children say a word or two always turn and gaze when they hear their names mentioned, the point at objects they want or when displaying something to someone. When given anything unpleasant, they can provide the clear response by sound or facial countenance. However, young kids with autism tend to hesitate in jabbering, communicating and studying signs. Some may murmur during few months of life before exhausting these talkative manners. Similarly, others face significant verbal delays and may fail to talk till much later.Furthermore, when speech starts to mature, children who have autism may use language in an unfamiliar way. Some may have problems in joining words to form meaningful sentences. They will be heard replicating same expressions over and over or even uttering the similar word. Some pass a point where they re-say what enters their ears.Slightly influenced kids always show small impediments in speech or acquire advanced language and strangely great terminologies but have problems in withstanding a conversation. In a discussion, children with autism mind to carry prologues on preferred topics granting others little opportunity to comment.The additional ordinary symptom is the incapability to perceive body expression, the character of voice and languages that are not made to be taken factually; they may understand an ambiguous phrase. Similarly, some children affected by autism might display form language. Their facial appearances, actions and signs do not compliment with what they say. Speeches and sound often fail to reveal their moods.Repetitive mannersUncommon recurring actions and propensity to involve in constrained series of events are other main indications of autism. Familiar cyclical traits include hand-beating, disturbing, hopping and bending, ordering and repositioning substances and re-pronouncing similar voices, expressions or words. Sometimes the many behaviours are self-fueling such as waggling fingers before the eyes. Children ASD shows the affinity of partaking in organised events when they are always seen playing with dolls. Instead of using the toys for imaginary play, most children with the disorder will spend more time lining up them in a certain way.Control and treatment Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has no cure, but it can efficiently be controlled by applying three types of healings, namely instructive involvement, prescription and other treatments. Physicians use the methods to manage the signs that hamper public and educational success and lead to a confused life when relating to others at home.Treating ASD with instructive/ social involvementThe core medication for children who have autism is interactive healing. The type of treatment will instil new skills, raise children’s language and their social capabilities. Collective skills education will help kids suffering from the disorder to understand and perceive signs, interpret and respond positively to facial impressions. Also, they will be able to make proper use of language by joining words and phrases to form meaningful sentences. Additionally, intellectual therapy is trusted in controlling compulsive manners and nervousness (Gillberg). Specialists work hand in hand with the family members to develop their public studying and interaction abilities.Treating autism with medicationThe method helps children control their symptoms. Autism Spectrum Disorder patients use three classes of medication: drugs, antidepressants and nervousness treatment, and atypical antipsychotics. Stimulants are most commonly used to treat ADHD. Both ADHD and ASD usually relate, and hence their signs need to be managed when treating an infant with both disorders. Kids suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder are complicated to side results and need to be watched prudently. Treatment helps children with the problem to handle regular encounters of continued worry and driving manners. Additionally, antipsychotics are administered to control recurring behaviours and sleep disturbance in children.  Alternative therapiesAmino acids may act as neurotransmitters. Thus, it may help in controlling serotonin level of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Aural addition training is administered to kids suffering from the condition to develop their processing shortages and attentiveness.Parenting children with autismKids with ASD respond well to positive reinforcement just like ordinary people. They should always be given attention and love to make them feel happy still. Parents should ever spend more time praising and appreciating their behaviours. Similarly, family members should provide consistent guidance and interaction to help the exercise what leant from treatment. Such concern will help the kids acquire new skills and apply their knowledge in various situations.Conclusively, autism is a condition that affects children causing defects in communication. The disorder has severe impacts on the development of child concerning his or her regular relationship with others. Even though the condition has no cure, it can be managed through parental care and medications that aims at lowering serotonin level. Therefore, it is imperative to give the required attention to children showing the signs of autism to help them develop well.Works CitedGillberg, C. Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism. New York: Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.Hansen, Robin L. and Sally J. Rogers. Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders. New York: American Psychiatric Pub, 2017.Lyons-Weiler, James. The Environmental and Genetic Causes of Autism. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.,  2016.

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