Effects of Stress Essay

Published: 2021-07-07 00:22:25
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Category: Health Care

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Introduction Stress may be referred as the reaction of the body toward dangerous situations. Whenever one is threatened in any case, there is a chemical reaction taking place in the body thus preventing injury. When one is under stress there is an increase in heart rates, muscles tighten, breathing quickens, and blood pressure rises. It is a fact that stress affects everyone. Even children experience some stress. There are several causes of stress such as finances management, busy times at work, coping with relationships amongst others. Notably, some fears may be beneficial; however, too much of it wears one down making him or her sick both physically and mentally. For one to be able to control stress the first thing to do is to note the symptoms. All the same, the hardest idea here is to recognise stress symptoms. Most of the people are not aware that they are under stress until the breaking point. The paper explains how stress affects people’s health.Negative Stress effectsAs earlier mentioned, stress can be in some instances beneficial thus motivating one to perform well in workplaces. All the same, it can be stressful bringing negative force toward one’s body if experienced over prolonged time. In fact, if action is not taken, it can be chronic.Natural body reactionMore often one may experience sweaty hands or heart pounding during a scary movie. In this case, one is feeling stress both in the body and in mind. Whenever one is faced with danger, the body gets flooded with hormones elevating heart rate which in turn increases blood pressure. More so, this boosts one’s energy allowing preparations to deal with the problem. Probably people are usually faced with several challenges such as meeting deadlines, juggling childcare and paying bills. It is such challenges that make the body to react the same way as mentioned above. As a result, the human body experiences the “fight or flight” reaction.Pressure pointsDespite how stress can be minor it causes an impact on one’s body. For instance, some students experience some stomach ache just before giving a presentation (Shankar, and Park, 2016, p.7). Acute stress may get caused by events such as terrorists’ attacks, earthquake, or fight with a spouse. All the same, the major the stress the bigger the impact toward one’s health. Several studies have indicated that emotional stresses specifically anger are the significant causes of arrhythmias, heart attack or even sudden death. However, most cases of sudden death occur in people with heart diseases. The central nervous system is responsible for “fight or flight” response. The hypothalamus is the part of the brain that sends the signals to adrenal glands releasing stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline. The hormones facilitate the heartbeat to send more blood to areas that need it more during emergencies such as heart, muscles amongst other organs. However, after the perceived fear is gone the hypothalamus informs all the systems to get back to norm. All the same, if the stressor fails to go away, the response will continue.Cardiovascular and respiratory systemsThe hormones released by stress affect cardiovascular and respiratory systems. In the event of pressure, one’s breath fastens to distribute oxygen that is rich in the blood (Dhabhar, 2014, p.200). For those who have asthma problems, breathing can be a problem at the time of stress.The heart as well pumps faster during stress. Stress hormones lead one’s blood vessels to divert and constrict oxygen to muscles thus having the strength to take action. More so, this causes the rise in blood pressure. The result is that chronic stress makes the heart to work too hard for a long time. In case of an increase in blood pressure, one risks getting a heart attack or stroke (McEwen, 2008, p.181).Digestive systemIf one experiencing stress, the liver produces glucose thus boosting energy. However, if one is under chronic fear, it is not possible for the body to keep the extra glucose surge. Moreover, continuous stress increases the risk of getting type 2 diabetes.Digestive system may as well be upset by the rapid breathing, rush of hormones, as well as increased heart rate. Probably, one may experience acid reflux or heartburn due to increased stomach acid. All the same, there is this narrative that stress causes ulcers. What fear does is to increase the risk of them and at the same time making the existing ulcers to act up.Notably, stress influences how the food moves in the body leading to constipation and diarrhoea. Also, one may experience vomiting, nausea and stomachache.Reproductive systemAs previously noted, stress is not only exhausting to body alone but also to mind. Whenever one is under fear, he or she experiences constant loss of desire. For the case of a male, short-term stress increases production of male testosterone hormone. If the tension continues, the levels of testosterone start to drop. In fact, it can be so severe such that it may cause erectile dysfunction or impotence.Positive effects of stress It is good to note that every stress occurs for a specific reason. Therefore, they must offer some positive aspects. In this case, one should focus on the definite issues to make most of it (Gu et al., p.9). Some of the positive aspects include motivation, cognition enhancer among others.Motivating factorStress can play a crucial part in motivating someone. One should focus on the usefulness of stimulating factor through looking on everyday examples (de Frias, and Whyne, 2015 p.205). For instance, a student may think of being in school revising for exams. For those who started reviewing early, they may experience little or no stress. Those who incur fear are those who wait until the last minute when they start cramming as quickly as possible. In this case, those who experience stress are the ones who learn significant lessons and thus can plan, prepare or fix the problem.Cognitive enhancer People who feel eustress experiences more success in their exams. In this case, they may have improved intelligence. Though it may sound incredible, stress can be a cognitive enhancer thus boosting mental prowess helping people in their academic and professional capacities (Lupien et al., 2004, p.434). In fact, stress enhances brain to stay focused. Fear is a standard way of dealing with dangerous situations, for instance, escaping from predators. Moreover, it helps one to focus on the issue at hand. Furthermore, studies have shown that stress increases memory and recall (Khansari, 1990, p.171). In this case, when one is revising for an exam, he or she may remember what is learnt due to stress.Physical enhancing Apart from improving brain function, stress can as well increase physical endurance and performance. Stress enhances release of adrenaline thus speeding heart rate and at the same time metabolism. Besides, this can lead to increase in reactions and reflexes. As such, this may act as painkiller thus enabling better endurance. If one is in any danger, this may be helpful in running for long (Lovallo, 2015, n.p). However, today it might help in sporting events and physical confrontation. If an athlete is having a bit of stress, it may be beneficial to him or her. The hormone released may be helpful in fighting fatigue and tiredness.Conclusion In conclusion, one can state that stress can result in the problem and at the same can be beneficial. Fear may have several health issues such as heart issues and production issues. However, it results in motivation, cognitive and physical enhancer.References listde Frias, C.M. and Whyne, E., 2015. Stress on health-related quality of life in older adults: The protective nature of mindfulness. Aging & mental health, 19(3), pp.201-206.Dhabhar, F.S., 2014. Effects of stress on immune function: the good, the bad, and the beautiful. Immunologic research, 58(2-3), pp.193-210.Donald, J.N., Atkins, P.W., Parker, P.D., Christie, A.M. and Ryan, R.M., 2016. Daily stress and the benefits of mindfulness: Examining the daily and longitudinal relations between present-moment awareness and stress responses. Journal of Research in Personality, 65, pp.30-37.Gu, J., Strauss, C., Bond, R. and Cavanagh, K., 2015. How do mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction improve mental health and wellbeing? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mediation studies. Clinical psychology review, 37, pp.1-12.Khansari, D.N., Murgo, A.J. and Faith, R.E., 1990. Effects of stress on the immune system. Immunology today, 11, pp.170-175.Lovallo, W.R., 2015. Stress and health: Biological and psychological interactions. Sage publications.Lupien, S.J., McEwen, B.S., Gunnar, M.R. and Heim, C., 2009. Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature reviews neuroscience, 10(6), p.434.McEwen, B.S., 2008. Central effects of stress hormones in health and disease: Understanding the protective and damaging effects of stress and stress mediators. European journal of pharmacology, 583(2-3), pp.174-185.Raposa, E.B., Laws, H.B. and Ansell, E.B., 2016. Prosocial behavior mitigates the negative effects of stress in everyday life. Clinical Psychological Science, 4(4), pp.691-698.Schönfeld, P., Brailovskaia, J., Bieda, A., Zhang, X.C. and Margraf, J., 2016. The effects of daily stress on positive and negative mental health: Mediation through self-efficacy. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 16(1), pp.1-10.Shankar, N.L. and Park, C.L., 2016. Effects of stress on students’ physical and mental health and academic success. International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 4(1), pp.5-9.Slavich, G.M., 2016. Life stress and health: a review of conceptual issues and recent findings. Teaching of Psychology, 43(4), pp.346-355.Stults-Kolehmainen, M.A. and Sinha, R., 2014. The effects of stress on physical activity and exercise. Sports medicine, 44(1), pp.81-121.Vaessen, T., Hernaus, D., Myin-Germeys, I. and van Amelsvoort, T., 2015. The dopaminergic response to acute stress in health and psychopathology: a systematic review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 56, pp.241-251.Yeager, D.S., Johnson, R., Spitzer, B.J., Trzesniewski, K.H., Powers, J. and Dweck, C.S., 2014. The far-reaching effects of believing people can change: Implicit theories of personality shape stress, health, and achievement during adolescence. Journal of personality and social psychology, 106(6), p.867.

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