Health Policy Paper

Published: 2021-07-07 00:20:56
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Category: Health Care

Type of paper: Essay

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Executive Summary Over last decades, several healthcare policy papers have been enacted to make sure that the public are access to better healthcare in the United States. Some of the policy papers which have been enacted are Jessie’s Law, Affordable Care Act (ACA), and the integration of care for substance abuse, mental health and other behavioral health condition into primary care. However, this research paper intends to focus on the Integration of Care for Substance Abuse, Mental Health and other Behavioral condition. According to Hartzler (2016), the health policy paper was drafted and enacted in 2015, to address issues related to integration of behavioral care to primary care. The policy paper was drafted by Public and Health Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians (ACP) to address issues which affect the healthcare system of the U.S. public and practice of medicine.There have been a lot of challenges regarding the integration of behavioral health into primary healthcare settings. According to Crowley and Kirschner (2015), providing healthcare support to addicts and other behavioral conditions such as mental health have been difficult due to different services and skills which are required to handle such condition. The policy paper defined the process and examination methods which should be adopted to make sure that the integration of behavioral condition into a primary healthcare settings are faster and physicians and nurses can offer better healthcare services to behavioral conditions individuals (Saitz, Wakeman, & Kelly, 2016). The current policy need to be changed so that it can be easy for people with behavioral condition, mental health problem and substance abuse can have access to primary healthcare services like other patients.Context and importance of the problemThe behavioral health has not been covered by Affordable care Act (ACA) and other government related insurance covers and this make it difficult for individuals suffering from substance abuse and other related illness to access medical services. Research has indicated that there are several people suffering from behavioral health such as substance abuse and mental in the United States. And majority of them cannot access healthcare services due to lack of healthcare insurance. It is simply because Affordable Care Act (ACA) does not cover substance abuse and mental health treatment. It is also evident that most healthcare facilities such as hospitals do not treat behavioral health issues and therefore, this create a big gap in the provision of healthcare services to the public.However, the enactment of integration of behavioral health into primary healthcare settings so that substance abuse and other behavioral conditions can receive primary healthcare like other illness. It will also increase the accessibility of healthcare to drug addicts and other individuals suffering from behavioral condition. According to Richardson, McCarty, Suleiman and Radovic (2016), failure to actualize the policy knocks out several individuals out of better healthcare services and it can increase cases of drug abuse, and mental problems in the country. And therefore, the policy paper provides a better way of addressing drug addicts and mental problems which is rampant in the country.Research has shown that 20% of adolescences in the U.S. suffer from mental health problems and another 30% are drug addicts and therefore, they need proper medication. The policy paper improves the treatment services and also recognizes disorders in primary healthcare settings. As stated by Nelson (2017) once the disorders and other behavioral conditions are recognize in primary healthcare settings, it is likely to reduce the problem of Opioid addiction in Medicaid since other covers can cover the addiction as well.Description of policy proposal options and alternativesThe integration of Care for substance abuse, mental health and other behavioral health conditions is a policy used to make it easy for patients suffering from behavioral health condition to get primary health service. Behavioral health includes care for patients suffering from stress, substance abuse and mental health and therefore, the policy provides a better platform to look at the behavioral health issues as a primary care. It also monitors the different approaches which are being used in the integration of care delivery and provide also various recommendations which can be used to improve healthcare services to people suffering from various behavioral conditions, mental health and substance abuse as well. As stated by (), the policy integrate the provision of healthcare services and therefore, it allows the affected individuals to have access to affordable Care Act healthcare package which includes Medicare and Medicaid so that anyone which mental health, stress, or a drug addict can have access to treatment without any difficult.Critique of the Options and AlternativesStudies have indicated that the policy has improved the access of healthcare services for most addicts such Opioid addicts, and other substances abuses. It also ensure that mental health problems are problem treated in the country and individuals with mental issues can access primary healthcare services therefore, it reduces the number of people suffering from mental problems. The integration of behavioral health into primary health settings allows individuals affected to have access to universal healthcare and specially Medicare and Medicaid services (Traynor, 2016). This makes the accessibility of healthcare services to be affordable and accessible to majority of Americans. Research has established that the policy makes it easy for patient suffering from Opioid to have access to medicine through various pharmacies not only through one pharmacy has before, therefore, it makes the treatment of addicts such as Opioid to be efficient and effective (Satel, 2017). The major problem is seeking medication of mental problem and Opioid addiction in a small community and therefore, the integration makes it easy to access treatment and also remove the stigma related to Opioid addictionIt is possible that the policy might burden the government hence tax payers. It is likely to increase the number of people who are access to Medicaid and Medicare and this result to an increase in government spending. In most cases, the government offers little support to the treatment and since the bill was established behavioral health and other disorders can have access to treatment in a primary health settings and this increases the work load to nurses and doctors. It also creates more challenges in healthcare settings since it demands that all healthcare facilities to have experts or professionals which can handle behavioral health issues in order for them to get better treatment.Conclusion and RecommendationIt is recommended for the government to increase funding to Medicaid and Medicare so that several people suffering from Opioid can have access to treatment. The integration of behavioral into primary healthcare settings can be efficient if Affordable Care Program (ACP) provides support for the behavioral integration. It is also recommended that ACP should provide support for more research regarding the behavioral health to allow the integration into primary healthcare settings to be effective so that nurses and physicians and the entire medical practitioners within the primary healthcare settings can understand and provide better healthcare support to patients suffering from substance addict like Opioid and mental health problem as well. All relevant stakeholders should start the process of reducing the stigma and this can be done through education of various stakeholders and the community as well. However, the integration of behavior health, mental and substance abuse into primary healthcare setting policy is essential to the treatment of various disorders and therefore, it should be supported by all stakeholders.ReferencesCrowley, R. A., & Kirschner, N. (2015). The Integration of Care for Mental Health, SubstanceAbuse, and Other Behavioral Health Conditions into Primary Care. An American College of Physicians Position Paper , 2-34.Hartzler, B. (2016). Integration of Substance Use Services in Mental Health Settings.http://adai.uw.edu/pubs/pdf/2017susmentalhealth.pdf , 2-25.Nelson, J. (2017). Manchin, Capito welcome Senate passage of Jessie’s Law. . Register Herald (Becky WV) , 2-15.Richardson, L., McCarty, C., Suleiman, A. B., & Radovic, A. (2016). Research in the Integrationof Behavioral Health for Adolescents and Young Adults in Primary Care Settings: A S ystematic Review. Journal of Adolescent Health , 2-35.Saitz, R., Wakeman, S., & Kelly, J. (2016). The Integration of Care for Mental Health, SubstanceAbuse, and Other Behavioral Health Conditions Into Primary Care. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26974721 , 12 (3), 2-38.Satel, S. (2017). Treating Opioid Addiction. National Review , 2-34.Traynor, K. (2016). White House expands opioid addiction response: Treat chronic pain likeother chronic conditions, pharmacists say. American Journal of healthcare System and Pharmacy , 5-38.

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