Study guide# 10Positive psychology is the study of human beings and their behaviors that lead to optimal flourishing. It focuses on building the positive approach to people thus allowing them to live happily. Positive human functioning is effective in the overall development of individuals.The aims of positive psychology include;Promotion of positive thinking and efficient brain functioning.Promotion of prosperity that leads to happy life.Elimination of negative attitudes.To focus on human strengths permitting flourishing.When it says flourishing people, it emphasizes the concept of self-improvement. It allows people to flourish like normal beings irrespective of the extreme conditions of depression or anxiety. Curing mental illness allows people to flourish like normal humans.Three main legs involve;Positive subjective experiences such as positive moods, happiness and love.Positive individual traits including strengths, character and virtue.Positive institutions including supportive work environment with families and schoolsThe research suggests a positive association between moods and creativity. Moods are pervasive responses to the events or circumstances. A good mood involve several benefits for the people as it makes people agreeable, helpful, allowing them to take efficient decisions. Isen et al., (1987) revealed the role of positive moods as people who watched funny film performed better in solving candle task. Positive moods enhance thinking thus leading to innovation.Emotions are uncontrollable feelings influenced by psychological factors and changes. Positive emotions are pleasant responses to the events promoting connections with others. It intrigues subjective state including happiness, joy and euphoria. Negative emotions are unpleasant responses to the events such as sadness, fear and guilt.Undoing hypothesis suggests that positive emotions will undo the effect of negative emotions. The funny films undo the negative effects of cardiovascular treatment. It recovers a sense of balance.Flow is a process when a person engages fully in challenging activity. It is maintained when people use their energy to create a balance between skill and balance. I experienced flow when I had to solve a puzzle.Mindfulness is a cultivated perspective when people become sensitive to context and focuses on the present.I experienced mindfulness when I resisted the impulse to control uncertainty. My flexible state of mind allowed me to adjust in new environment.To be a hopeful person is beneficial because it promotes positive feelings and takes people closer to their goals. It allows people to rely on realistic roadmaps.Resilience is the ability to recover from trauma or something bad. The ways to attain resilience include meditation, religious practice, positive thinking and optimism.Gratitude depicts recognizing good things in life and staying thankful for them. The common ways to experience gratitude involve accepting the god’s gift, socially connecting with people and developing contentment.The three activities involve;Spending money on others for inner pleasure.Engaging in civic virtue by donating.Spending for the welfare of the community.Study guide# 11The paradox of close relationship depicts human need of connecting to others. It is important for social transactions and survival of human beings in society. It depicts people’s ability to blend with the community.The three components involve; intimacy, commitment and passion. Intimacy develops the feeling of closeness and relatedness. Commitment is the decision to stay together, and passion is the depth of the intensive feelings.Michael explains attractiveness as an impressive array of benefits both social and psychological. Kindness and intelligence are most agreeable traits of exiting personality.Matching hypothesis depicts that people are most attracted to the people who resemble them.Rebecca Curtis and Kim Miller choose participants at random for conversation and provided information. They revealed that complementarity promotes attractiveness, first meetings depict liking and we like those who hold similar views.Three strategies involve; positivity, openness and sharing. Positivity encourages people to engage with others. Openness builds a close connection and sharing eliminates the gap.Social exchange theory depicts that the relationship depends on the ability to negotiate and accept differences.Strong friendship has a positive impact on college students as it allows them to develop emotions of loyalty and determination.Men have a harder time in making friends because they take time to trust others.Research suggests that males tend to be more romantic.Intimacy is the attraction that a person develops towards others. Liking, romantic feelings and attraction are signs of intimacy.It includes; lack of passion, lack of commitment and temporary feelings.Research suggests that developing intimacy on the internet does not last for long as it lacks commitment.Shyness is the permanent affliction that limits the ability of people to meet others. These people assume the worst and stay at a distance.Study guide# 12The list includesCopying the content of others.Allowing others to copy.Using materials from literary sources without permission.Representing work of others as personal work.Not acknowledging the author.It hurts because;It promotes mistrust.It eliminates determination.It devalues education.It involves considering long-term consequences, thinking about punishments and ethical responsibility.Self plagiarism, direct plagiarism, accidental and mosaic plagiarism are four examples.It includes buying a paper, hiring someone for writing work, claiming someone else’s work as your own.It lacks plagiarism, sources and authors.The list includes;Rephrasing the texts.Mentioning the source and author.Quoting the party.Citing quotes.Referencing.