The Feelings of arousal in Men and Women

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Humans carry a variety of feelings that range from happiness to depression to feelings of arousal. Over the years, research has been conducted to assess how stimuli influence an individual to respond to things in a particular manner. Orgasm is known as an intense feeling of arousal that occurs when an individual takes part sexual activity (Herbenick and Fortenberry). Woman’s orgasm plays an essential part in sexual compatibility as well as in marital satisfaction. It is a learnable portent that is affected by several factors. The experience of pleasure varies both in men and women depending on the source, which induces excitement in either gender (Bruess and Oswalt). Researchers have reported that a small number of women ejaculate while the majority does not. Numerous physiological factors can prevent a woman’s sexual craving and her aptitude to grasp climax. These can be hormone imbalance, the presence of low testosterone in the body and some medications for instance anti-depressants. Ejaculation is when fluid spurts out from the glands that are nearer the urethra (Bruess and Oswalt). Women can orgasm numerous times like men (Bruess and Oswalt). For this paper, the feelings of arousal in both men and women are to be discussed as well as to assess the benefits of orgasm.“Sexual motivation and behavior have an obvious evolutionary function and basis (reproduction and survival of the species) (Reeve, 112). Research has highlighted that the process of sexual reproduction is crucial as it fulfills the mental as well as the bodily needs along with ensuring the survival of a variety of species. Varying explanations by medical professionals, psychologists, and mental health professionals highlight that orgasm do not carry a single definition. The field of medicine explains orgasm as a physiological change in the body while the latter two have asserted that orgasm occurs due to the emotional and mental changes(Georgiadis). Moreover, the reflex occurs due to the trigger caused by the sex organs of both the gender. Studies reveal that various hormones created by the endocrine system trigger sexual behavior in humans.Research conducted by Debby Herbenick and J. Denis Fortenberry focused on orgasm that was induced by exercise and feelings of pleasure among women in general. There is no single definition for orgasm experienced by women; however, Levin et al. asserts that most definitions regard orgasm to be a result of sexual stimulation (Herbenick and Fortenberry). “Female orgasm is frequently defined by areas of the body that, with sufficient stimulation, may induce orgasm; ‘‘clitoral orgasm’’, ‘‘vaginal orgasm’’ and ‘‘G Spot orgasm’’ are examples of these” (Herbenick and Fortenberry, 1). Levin et al. have given numerous terms to a woman’s orgasm, such as a clitoral orgasm or a vaginal orgasm (Herbenick and Fortenberry). Alzate mentions that besides the names attributed to orgasm, there are instances where orgasms get named after the body parts in which the orgasm occurs (Herbenick and Fortenberry).The authors claimed that while orgasms refer to a sexual experience, there have been few instances where orgasms were noticed to have occurred during physical exercise (Herbenick and Fortenberry). The research conducted showed cases where physical activity was capable of inducing orgasm in women while also documenting the sexual experiences (Herbenick and Fortenberry). Another reason for carrying out the research was to evaluate women’s experiences who had felt sexual pleasure during exercise while having never undergone exercise-induced orgasm (Herbenick and Fortenberry). For the study, an estimated 530 women participated as a sample, and they were given a survey to complete. The whole method was carried out anonymously as it was an internet-based survey (Herbenick and Fortenberry).In addition to this, the number of women selected as a sample to study orgasm was restricted to 18-year-old females only (Herbenick and Fortenberry). The result showed that majority of women who had experienced exercise-induced orgasm was due to abdominal exercises along with climbing as well as tasks that involved heavy lifting (Herbenick and Fortenberry). On the other hand, those women who had experienced exercise-induced sexual pleasure had reported having done so when engaged in activities like biking along with the previously mentioned exercises (Herbenick and Fortenberry). The researchers were able to identify the difference of thought process that occurred in both the groups. Women who experienced orgasm through exercise were self-conscious and had rarely had any sexual fantasies or sexual thoughts (Herbenick and Fortenberry).Aside from the 18-year-old females, most women from 18 and older; had not experienced orgasm while having sexual intercourse. The increased number of unaware women is one of the reasons why orgasm is a most researched on the topic. Exercise is one of the non-sexual behavior which induces orgasm as women have reported through the survey (Herbenick and Fortenberry). While in the past orgasms caused by exercise were not thrown light on as much as it is nowadays. Presently, orgasms achieved through exercising are a common aspect found in different magazines (Herbenick and Fortenberry). The survey showed that most women had undergone orgasms when taking part in a physical activity which is a proof that it does not only occur as a result of sexual activity (Herbenick and Fortenberry). From the study, the researchers were able to deduce that orgasm is a naturally occurring process in females (Herbenick and Fortenberry). Therefore, a crucial factor noticed was that the women who had orgasms induced by exercise claimed to have had no sexual fantasy or similar thoughts while those women who had gained sexual pleasure from physical activity were considerably happy after the workout and overall about their experience (Herbenick and Fortenberry).Studies reveal that the ability to involve oneself in feelings of pleasure or other words orgasm changed to promote the high-frequency sex in species that had shown lower rates of reproduction (Gallup Jr et al.). In addition to the evolution in the process of orgasm, it has also been noticed that orgasms contain a range of different reproductive outcomes (Gallup Jr et al.). Research also indicates that due to the difference between the frequency of orgasms and its intensity, there is clear proof present in human beings of orgasms promoting different reproductive outcomes (Gallup Jr et al.). Furthermore, researchers have claimed that orgasms experienced by females have evolved over the years, thereby, encouraging women to make good choices when it comes to selecting a mate.Research indicates that orgasm plays a vital role in increasing the circulation to different parts of the pelvic cavity, thereby, providing nutrients, as well as helping in the growth of healthy tissues (Brody). Studies based on the menstruation cycle have revealed that those women who had sexual intercourse once a week were bound to have regular blood flow during menstruation period, unlike the women who had abstained from sex or did not involve themselves in frequent sexual activity (Brody). While there has not been much research done on the difference between self-induced orgasm or one that has been caused by a partner, still, researchers believe that orgasm caused by sexual intercourse is a promoter of fertility in women (Brody).The problems of women have been researched in a study who suffer while achieving orgasm (Nekoolaltak et al.). The sample for this study focused on Iranian women, and interview method was used to attain results (Nekoolaltak et al.). The primary purpose of this research was to bring to light the different problems that women suffered from and in such a case there are not only biological problems but social problems as well (Nekoolaltak et al.). Some women experience particular disorders related to their sex organs which hinder orgasms or feelings of pleasure. “Psychological obstacles in this study included lack of sexual knowledge, shame, lack of concentration on sex, fear of sexual intercourse, fear of pregnancy, and anxiety of orgasm failure recurrence” (Nekoolaltak et al.). Women most often feel embarrassed about having sexual thoughts and therefore abstain from involving themselves in any activity that would induce pleasure. “Instead, those couples with a larger number of sexual relationships and more diverse sexual activities together will experience higher sexual satisfaction and a better orgasm” (Nekoolaltak et al.). The study brought forward essential findings which highlighted that both physical, social and relational factors become an obstacle in attaining orgasm.Diana S. Fleischman researched orgasm in light of the evolution that took place in orgasm. Reports highlight that both orgasm and sexual behavior promote higher rates of fertility as well as increased pleasure which enhances the bonding between different members (Fleischman). The researcher’s primary view regarding orgasm was that it is a primary factor modeled by evolution and it promotes reproduction. In addition to this, the researcher also highlighted that orgasm, as well as sexual behavior, contribute to an individual’s social functioning through the different process of conditioning (Fleischman). Research indicates that society has related sexual events with pleasure which makes an individual take part in any such activity that induces feelings of happiness (Fleischman).However, men and women report treating sexual activities differently as seen from the reports that highlight that men indulge in sexual intercourse more than women (Fleischman). Therefore, women mostly consider having foreplay with their partners which increases the chances of orgasm in women. The research also highlighted various benefits of orgasm and sexual pleasure, one such being the social benefits. A male partner will provide protection as well as financial support to the woman which increases the bonding between the two (Fleischman). In addition to this, sexual pleasure is seen as a benefiting factor when one seeks partners with status and different resources (Fleischman).Aside from the benefits of orgasm, research on sexual pleasure also highlights that women most often fake orgasmic feelings especially during vaginal intercourse (Séguin and Milhausen). The reason for such an act lies in the fact that an individual attains sexual satisfaction even if one feels no attraction for the other person (Séguin and Milhausen). Seguin and Milhausen researched to understand the reasons behind men pretending to achieve sexual pleasure, for which a sample of 230 male participants was selected. The study claimed that the reason why men pretended to gain sexual pleasure from carrying out sexual intercourse with their partner mainly because of the latter’s emotional well-being. It also claimed that faking sexual pleasures and orgasms increased not only the sexual satisfaction but improved one’s relationship with his partner (Séguin and Milhausen). The study revealed that men do not communicate their sexual desires to their partners which is also one of the reasons why orgasms are faked but lower the sexual relationship between the couple (Séguin and Milhausen).Similar research was carried out to apprehend the reasons behind women pretending to achieve orgasm and pleasure (Fahs). The primary purpose of this research was to examine both worse and best orgasmic moments in a woman’s life as little to no research was available on such a subject (Fahs). While there is a massive amount of research available on what orgasm means, little is available on how orgasm is looked at in relationships when different factors are present such as a person’s status, gender and financial standing (Fahs). The study reveals that a majority of women pretend to experience orgasm and one of the main reasons for this act is that the male partner has wealth and status (Fahs). Such partners are beneficial for women regarding social and financial aspects and ensure a better future which is why women seek to fake the attainment of sexual pleasure (Fahs). The research is crucial as it highlights that not only men but women as well take part in sexual activities despite not being attracted to their partner.From the discussion carried out above, various researchers have presented different views regarding orgasm experienced by both men and women as well as highlighting the outcomes of undergoing orgasm. Some researchers asserted that men are less prone to sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, they tend to participate often in sexual activities, unlike women who can quickly become a target to any illness through intercourse. For this reason, women either abstain from being a part of any sexual activity or involve themselves with high-quality mates only. In addition to this, research carried out on orgasm induced by exercise showed significant results when it comes to finding an answer for orgasms being an act linked to sexual activity or being a naturally occurring process. The report showed that orgasm takes place while performing different physical activities such as biking, lifting heavy weights, abdominal exercises, etc. The occurrence of orgasm in such a non-sexual activity stood to prove that orgasm is not only associated with sex and does not occur only when an individual or two take part in sexual intercourse. Instead, it can happen in any situation that involves triggering of arousal sensations in the body which lead to orgasm. Various reports came forth that showed that orgasmic obstacles arise due to factors such as feelings of boredom between a couple, infection in the genital area, as well as feeling embarrassed for having feelings of arousal or not having sufficient knowledge regarding sex and pleasure. Besides the mentioned points, orgasm and sexual desire have carried numerous benefits that involve not only satisfaction and feelings of happiness but also ensure strong bonds between partners.Works CitedBrody, Stuart. “The Relative Health Benefits of Different Sexual Activities.” The Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 7, no. 4pt1, 2010, pp. 1336–1361.Bruess, Clint E., and Sara B. Oswalt. Exploring the Dimensions of Human Sexuality. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2013.Fahs, Breanne. “Coming to Power: Women’s Fake Orgasms and Best Orgasm Experiences Illuminate the Failures of (Hetero) Sex and the Pleasures of Connection.” Culture, Health & Sexuality, vol. 16, no. 8, 2014, pp. 974–988.Fleischman, Diana S. “An Evolutionary Behaviorist Perspective on Orgasm.” Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology, vol. 6, no. 1, 2016, p. 32130.Gallup Jr, Gordon G., et al. “An Evolutionary Perspective on Orgasm.” Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, 2018, p. 52.Georgiadis, Janniko R. “Functional Neuroanatomy of Human Cortex Cerebri about Wanting Sex and Having It.” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 28, no. 3, 2015, pp. 314–323.Herbenick, Debby, and J. Dennis Fortenberry. “Exercise-Induced Orgasm and Pleasure among Women.” Sexual and Relationship Therapy, vol. 26, no. 4, 2011, pp. 373–388.Nekoolaltak, Maryam, et al. “Women’s Orgasm Obstacles: A Qualitative Study.” International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, vol. 15, no. 8, 2017, p. 479.Reeve, Johnmarshall. Understanding Motivation and Emotion. John Wiley & Sons, 2014.Séguin, Léa J., and Robin R. Milhausen. “Not All Fakes Are Created Equal: Examining the Relationships between Men’s Motives for Pretending Orgasm and Levels of Sexual Desire, and Relationship and Sexual Satisfaction.” Sexual and Relationship Therapy, vol. 31, no. 2, 2016, pp. 159–175.

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