War of the Self: the Conflict between natural impulses and the pressures of society

Published: 2021-07-07 00:04:05
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Category: Sociology

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Wuthering Heights Essay: “War of the self: the conflict between natural impulses and the pressures of society”IntroductionWuthering Height is a masterpiece written by Emily Bronte. This is a story of revenge and love between the main characters of Heathcliff and Catherine. This fiction novel raises many interesting debates about multiple cultural and ethical issues. Here, the discussion about the war of self will be discussed. A deep insight into the nature of characters has been shared in this book. They are influenced by the norms of society and how their decisions are shaped accordingly is described in a beautiful manner. Here is a debate about the war between the natural impulse and pressure of society in the Wuthering Heights.DiscussionThe battle between culture and human nature is clear in the Novel Wuthering Heights. This serves as part of the main theme. There are to residence setting discussed in this novel. One of them is wuthering heights that is taken as a symbol of passion, life, and wildness in nature. Another setting is Thrush cross Grange that shows civility, culture, and life.The appearance of this novel is also shown in the same way where Wuthering Heights has a mysterious and dark environment. Heathcliff is shown as the member of Earnshaw Family and he is symbolized as a force that is of wild nature posing danger to society. Cathy is an actual member of this family and has a lovely and charming personality. However, her manner is rarely civilized as compared to what she pretends. This shows that with respect to nature, Cathy is a wild girl that plays with Heathcliff in moors. Edgar is a member of Lintons and he calls her Catherine while Heathcliff addresses her as Cathy. Linton is a civilized and well-bred brat. He is shown in this novel as a tender and constant natured person.Both the families of Earnshaw and Linton have a precarious rank in a society where most of the population belonged to the middle class. This family held the position of aristocrats so it was a sensitive matter for them to behave in a gentle and formal manner. However, people living in gentry had no titles and it was a matter that changed often depending on the views of the neighborhood.Depending on status and class, Catherine decided to marry Edgar who belonged to a firm status in society and his family took great pains to maintain this status. The status of Lockwood is not strong at this time and this has an impact on the social behavior of Heathcliff as he changes his path from an adopted common laborer to a Gentleman. However, status-conscious people still regarded him a Nobleman only in manners and dress.There is a constant battle in culture and nature in this novel. The characters are passionate about their status in society so they overlook their inner nature in this battle. Heathcliff is depicted as a different character at this stage of the novel. He speaks for a long time at a point in chapter six of the novel where the change in his speaking is depicted. His talk is really emotional and expressive at this point. The speech context is literary and shows less artificial behavior as compared to Lockwood.The main conflict between nature and culture is depicted at this point when Heathcliff is angry at the whiny and coward nature of Edgar and he says that he will not exchange a thousand lives for Edgar. A clear devotion of Heathcliff is shown for Cathy where he is impressed by the luxury life but do not want to give up his freedom for it. His character is brave and he admires Catherine for her bravery.This novel is a depiction of two sides that are opposite. It is like a window where inside a beautiful room with civilized and mannered children while on the outside there are two wild children. The mirror in the window shows a reflection of completely opposite pictures on both sides. This novel shows the corruption of culture through nature and on some points, it is another way around. This story is presented in a way that the sympathy of the reader does not fade for the wild characters because they are the true depictions of human nature. The civilized characters are portrayed in a way that their actions are often silly and weak. This is a clear depiction of families in the start of the 19th century where the culture was always given priority over nature.Even the place is portrayed in a violent and aggressive manner like people living in Wuthering Heights. The problems of both egocentric and wild natured people are discussed in this novel. Wild people follow their nature while egocentric individuals focus more on maintaining a standard in society by following the culture. Many events and dialogues in this novel are thought-provoking.ConclusionEveryone is born as a free man but there are many chains in a society that bound him to his nature and will. One of those chains is a culture that expects certain behavior and an individual cannot express himself truly. This great dilemma is described in the novel Wuthering Heights where the main characters go through a war of self. There is a constant conflicting situation between two Nobel houses and wild natural impulses where good conquest evil. This shows that culture can never prevail for a long time unless it is backed by nature.ReferencesBronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. 1847.

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